Yamal Travel

Authentic Travels & Expeditions


5 reasons to visit Yamal


The Nenets people of the Siberian arctic are the guardians of a style of reindeer herding that is the last of its kind. Through a yearly migration of over a thousand kilometres, these people move gigantic herds of reindeer from summer pastures in the north to winter pastures just south of the Arctic Circle. We offer you the chance to immerse yourself in their daily life, For centuries Nenet have survived the harsh conditions of the Yamal Peninsula. They have adapted to be able to live and travel in the freezing temperatures. Joining a reindeer migration is a real experience living the nomadic life of the Siberian people. 


The Polar Urals are a mountainous region situated at the border between Europe and Asia in the Komi Republic and the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Region. They are the northernmost part of the Ural mountains stretching from the north from Mount Konstantinov Kamen to the south to the River Khulgi. The region has an area of approximately 25,000 square kilometres. The Polar Urals are one of the highest points of the Ural mountains which are up to 1300 metres above sea level. Deep in the slopes of many of the ridges there are lakes and glaciers. In the mountainous region there are more than 3000 lakes with a total area of 98 square kilometres. The deepest lake with the largest volume is Big Pike Lake with a depth of 136 metres. In the valleys of the mountain slopes there are turbulent cascading waterfalls. This is especially so on the eastern slope of the Oche-Nyrd ridge (Vodopadny and Ozerny streams). The Polar Urals are literally dissected by a dense network of rivers and streams carrying their waters to the Pechora River, Baidarata Bay and the Ob River. The climate of this mountain region is harsh and extremely continental. Vegetation is sparse: in the southern part, especially in the Trans-Urals there are taiga forests consisting mostly of larch and spruce and on the plains of Cis-Ural region there are birch and fir trees. Among the forests there are many marshes where bilberries, blueberries and cloudberries grow in abundance.


The Aurora Borealis, or Northern Lights as they are more commonly called, truly is one of the greatest natural phenomena on Earth and we absolutely think seeing them should be on every traveler’s bucket list. Northern Lights most typically occur in the aurora zone between 65° and 72° North; however, big geomagnetic storms can push that zone lower. The Polar ural Mountains are located in the aural zone, aislated from any light contamination will give you great chances to enjoy the magic lights. Best time from december - march.


Flora and fauna of the county is rich and varied. The fauna of the Yamalo-Nenets region, there are about 300 species of vertebrates, including 40 species of mammals, 200 species of birds, 40 species of fish, 3 species of amphibians and one reptile. In northern tundra inhabited :. white fox, wild reindeer, polar wolf, wolverine, hare, weasel, weasels, lemmings, voles, shrews . In the south of the tundra there are lizard, newt (Siberian salamander), grass and moor frogs in the forest inhabited by a tundra, so and taiga animals. These penetrate elk, brown bear, squirrel, muskrat, three-toed woodpecker, white-winged crossbill and flocks of ptarmigan. Elk in the district occurs only in the summer and autumn. With the onset of winter, elk and wild deer go. In the district distributed polar wolf, usually occurring far away from the reindeer herds. In the south of the taiga zone, there are: sable, weasel, squirrel, chipmunk, who do not go to the Arctic tundra. On the islands and the coast of the Kara Sea, home to polar bears. In the coastal waters of the sea usual white whale, seal, harp seal, bearded seal, a walrus. In the waters of the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District is 70% of world reserves of whitefish species of fish. The famous northern inconnu - white salmon, whitefish, whitefish, peled (cheese), humpback whitefish, whitefish. Also whitefish from fish belonging to the valuable Salmonid on YaNAO there are trout, grayling, char. The abundance of marshes and moist air contribute to the spread of insects, including the blood-sucking. The most common and harvest berries - cranberries, blueberries, cranberries, blueberries, cloudberries . in the south of the tundra in the large number of fungi are found -. russules, volnushki, boletus medicinal County plant list includes approximately one hundred and fifty species. Of these, about sixty are used in official medicine.


Yamal is the custodian surprisingly original and unique culture. Traditional culture of the North it evolved over the centuries and millennia. It was the most adapted to the natural conditions of their habitats, subject to certain laws, passed on from one generation to the next. Despite all the social unrest, the indigenous population of Yamal has retained the basic traditions of their life and culture. The indigenous people have retained traditional reindeer herding, fishing, and vital for their relationship to nature. In modern towns and cities in the county is often possible to meet people who adhere to the canons of the native culture. This fact is confirmed by the use in the daily life of the national costume, respecting the traditional rules and regulations, including the religious. With the livelihoods of indigenous peoples of the North (Nenets, Khanty, Selkup, Komi-Zyrian), has long been living on the Yamal Peninsula, associated traditional folk arts and crafts District. To date, the main types of traditional folk crafts and Yamal crafts are: - sewing of clothing, footwear; - Art handling of a bone, mammoth tusk, reindeer and moose horns - art articles made ​​of fur, leather, cloth and beads; - wood carving ; - art processing of birch bark.Today, the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug has a developed network of institutions of culture and art, which ensures the continuity of cultural development and is focused on servicing the varying ages and audiences.One of the oldest museum institutions in the district - Yamalo-Nenets District Museum and Exhibition Complex. IS Shemanovsky, founded in 1906. Its structural division is the only one in the district literary museum dedicated to the work of an outstanding Nenets poet Leonid Laptsuy. Among the distinctive autonomous region museums of great interest: The natural and ethnographic park-museum "Zhivun" and the house-museum "Komi-hut" in Shuryshkarsky District, Environmental -kraevedchesky museum in Muravlenko town, Novy Urengoy city Museum of Fine Arts, Gubkinsky Museum of Northern development, Children's Museum, the Museum of the resource center in Noyabrsk and others. Scientific employees of museums of Yamal constantly carry out research work, go to the historical and ethnographic expeditions in the district, create new displays and exhibitions, are the organizers of scientific conferences, festivals and national holidays. Currently, the practice of museums actively introducing new information technologies, interactive forms of activities, actively developing the process of cooperation with the largest Russian museums.